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Brendan Coogan goes through the history of the great British Jaguar motor car, taking a look at some of it's earliest work in the form of side-cars, as well as some of the most iconic models, such as the XJ8 and the XJR.
PLANT INFORMATION Plant Name:Castle Bromwich Manufacturing Facility City:Castle Vale State:Birmingham, B35 7RA Country:UK EMPLOYMENT Current Total Employment:approx 2000 Hourly: Salaried PRODUCTION HISTORY Current Products:XJ, XK, XF Year Opened:1980 Site Size in Acres:93 Site Size in Square Feet:1.4 mill Product History: . 1938: May: Lord Nuffield, the maker of Morris cars, agrees with Air Minister Sir Kingsley Wood to build a factory at Castle Bromwich to mass-produce Spitfire aircraft. 15 July: Start of construction. 1940: May: The new Minister for Aircraft Production Lord Beaverbrook takes over the factory from the Nuffield Organization and puts Vickers Armstrong in charge. June: The first Spitfire is delivered and test-flown by Alex Henshaw. 1943: May: The 5000th Spitfire is produced. October: Castle Bromwich delivers its first Lancaster bomber. 1945: December: Aircraft production ceases after 11,780 Spitfires and 305 Lancasters have been made. 1946: 31 March: The aircraft factory is officially closed. 1946-47: The Castle Bromwich factory is taken over by the Birmingham company Fisher & Ludlow (itself founded in 1849) for making all-steel bodies for cars, mostly for Standard and Morris. They also make Bendix washing machines. 1953: Fisher & Ludlow is taken over by BMC (British Motor Corporation), a company formed by the merger of Austin and Morris. Castle Bromwich now mostly produces bodies for the Austin factory at Longbridge. 1954-61: Castle Bromwich makes the bodies for the Austin-engined Nash Metropolitan sold in the USA. Among other products is the Austin Champ military vehicle. 1965: BMC takes over the Pressed Steel Company at Cowley, Jaguar's body supplier. PSC is later merged with Fisher & Ludlow to become Pressed Steel Fisher. 1966: BMC merges with Jaguar, and the company becomes BMH (British Motor Holdings). 1968: BMH merges with Leyland and becomes British Leyland. From now on, Castle Bromwich increasingly supplies car bodies to other BL factories across the Midlands, including Rover, Triumph and Jaguar, as well as Mini bodies for Longbridge. 1975: Castle Bromwich supplies the bodies for the new Jaguar XJ-S. 1980: 28 July: Jaguar takes full control of body assembly and paint operations at Castle Bromwich which becomes a dedicated Jaguar plant. 1984: Jaguar, including the Castle Bromwich factory, is privatized from British Leyland. 1998-99: Introduction of the S-type, the first Jaguar car to be fully assembled at Castle Bromwich. 2005: 1 July: Car assembly at Jaguar's Browns Lane factory in Coventry comes to an end, and production of the XJ model is transferred to Castle Bromwich. December: Start of production of the new XK. 2007: November: The new XF goes into production at Castle Bromwich.
Two of the proudest moments in Jaguar's long history in motor sport involved winning the Le Mans 24 hours race, firstly in 1951 and again in 1953. Victory at the 1955 Le Mans was overshadowed by it being the occasion of the worst motorsport accident in history. Later in the hands of the Scottish racing team Ecurie Ecosse two more wins were added in 1956 and 1957. In spite of such a performance orientation, it was always Lyons' intention to build the business by producing world-class sporting saloons in larger numbers than the sports car market could support. Jaguar secured financial stability and a reputation for excellence with a series of elegantly styled luxury saloons that included the 3 liter and 3½ liter cars, the Mark VII, VIII, and IX, the compact Mark I and 2, and the XJ6 and XJ12. All were deemed very good values, with comfortable rides, good handling, high performance, and great style. Combined with the trend-setting XK 120, XK 140, and XK 150 series of sports car, and nonpareil E-Type, Jaguar's elan as a prestige motorcar manufacturer had few rivals. The company's post-War achievements are remarkable, considering both the shortages that drove Britain (the Ministry of Supply still allocated raw materials) and the state of metallurgical development of the era. In 1950, Jaguar agreed to lease from the Ministry of Supply the Daimler Shadow 2 factory in Browns Lane, Allesley, Coventry, which at the time was being used by The Daimler Company Limited and moved to the new site from Foleshill over the next 12 months. Jaguar purchased Daimler — not to be confused with Daimler-Benz or Daimler AG—in 1960 from BSA. From the late 1960s, Jaguar used the Daimler marque as a brand name for their most luxurious saloons. Pressed Steel Company Limited made all Jaguar's (monocoque) bodies leaving provision and installation of the mechanicals to Jaguar. In mid-1965 British Motor Corporation (BMC), the Austin-Morris combine, bought Pressed Steel. Lyons became concerned about the future of Jaguar, partly because of the threat to ongoing supplies of bodies, and partly because of his age and lack of an heir. He therefore accepted BMC's offer to merge with Jaguar to form British Motor (Holdings) Limited. At a press conference on 11 July 1965 at the Great Eastern Hotel in London, Lyons and BMC Chairman George Harriman announced, "Jaguar Group of companies is to merge with The British Motor Corporation Ltd., as the first step towards the setting up of a joint holding company to be called British Motor (Holdings) Limited". In due course BMC changed its name to British Motor Holdings at the end of 1966. BMH was pushed by the Government to merge with Leyland Motor Corporation Limited, manufacturer of Leyland bus and truck, Standard-Triumph and, since 1967, Rover vehicles. The result was British Leyland Motor Corporation, a new holding company which appeared in 1968, but the combination was not a success. A combination of poor decision making by the board along with the financial difficulties of, especially, the Austin-Morris division (previously BMC) led to the Ryder Report and to effective nationalization in 1975. Over the next few years it became clear that because of the low regard for many of the group's products insufficient capital could be provided to develop and begin manufacture of new models, including Jaguars, particularly if Jaguar were to remain a part of the group. In July 1984, Jaguar was floated off as a separate company on the stock market – one of the Thatcher government's many privatisations– to create its own track record. Installed as chairman in 1980, Sir John Egan is credited for Jaguar's unprecedented prosperity immediately after privatization. In early 1986 Egan reported he had tackled the main problems that were holding Jaguar back from selling more cars: quality control, lagging delivery schedules, poor productivity, and laid off about a third of the company's 10,000-some employees to cut costs. Commentators have since pointed out he exploited an elderly model range on which all development costs had been written off and raised prices as well as intensifying the push to improve Jaguar's quality but in the USA the price rises were masked by a favorable exchange rate.
The clear coat on my driver side quarter panel began to pull and peel off the body. Next season I plan on having the quarter panel professionally resprayed. For now, I figured I'd try the RustOleum clear coat repair.
In this video I have a Jaguar XK8 that intermittently will go into fail-safe mode. This usually happens when i hit a bump and also usually when I am in heavy traffic and in a situation where I could be killed when the fail-safe comes on because I loose power and have to get out of the way of other vehicles which sometimes can be very dangerous. Anyway Mine had a P0121 code which relates to the Throttle Position Sensor. I had done a lot of research trying to figure out what to do and found a lot of information saying I needed to clean the Throttle position sensor plug connectors they were not made from tin and the sensor tabs were Gold and they would corrode and cause this issue. I tried to clean them seemed to work for a while but would come back. I decided I would buy a TP sensor so I looked for one on eBay. Then I noticed a company that was in my state but about 5 hours away that claims they can rebuild these things. I priced a throttle body which is supposed to be the only way you can get the TP sensor from Jaguar it was 2000.00. So that was a no go. I was actually looking for a used throttle body and ran across Automotive Scientific. The eBay listing says they can rebuild throttle bodies and they had good feedback so I called them because I skeptical. I asked if they were really successful repairing these for Jaguars they stated they were. I then went to eBay and purchased the Throttle Body rebuild even though the numbers on my Throttle body didn't match. I called them because they didm;t match they said they couldn't put all of the numbers on so if mine was close they could do it. I removed the throttle body and shipped it. They said 2-3 days It took 13 days from the ship date to the received date. They offered TP sensors only but I thought that I might have a pedal position sensor issue as well and they would calibrate them so I sent the Throttle body to them. I received it back and put it on and the car high idled bad. I checked the normal things to make sure i didn't have a vacuum leak and I didn't so I called. They insisted that the gasket needed to be replaced to which I said you should have sent one if it had to be replaced because it is metal I had no reason to think it needed replacement. Anyway I tested the gasket and it was sealed so that was not what was wrong nice try though!! I talked to Will he said it is easy to adjust just go as far left as you can and it will work. I then asked why they didn't calibrate it and he said they would set it back to where it was before. I thought I should have just got the Tp Sensor and installed it myself. I adjusted it far left and now the car idled at 4800 Rpm's so I adjusted to far right now it idled too low and had a Fail-safe code. So I adjusted the TP Sensor with the engine running by sound then I did a hard reset by unhooking the battery ground for a minute. This is the short version I adjusted it many times to get it right but finally by sound it worked out and runs better than it ever has since I bought it 5 years ago. Hope this helps Fellow Jaguar XK8 owners.
Cars History: Jaguar - Concept (1957 - 2017)
Jaguar - Concept (1957 - 2017)
Music: Elektronomia - Energy [NCS Release]
E1A – The 1950s E-Type concept vehicle
E2 A – The second E-Type concept vehicle, which raced at LeMans and in the USA
Pirana (1967) – Designed by Bertone
XJ13 (1966) – Built to race at LeMans, never run
XK 180 (1998) – Roadster concept based on the XK8
F-Type (2000) – Roadster, similar to the XK8 but smaller
R-Coupé (2001) – Large four-seater coupé
Fuore XF 10 (2003)
R-D6 (2003) – Compact four-seat coupé
XK-RR – A high-performance version of last generation XK coupé
XK-RS – Another performance-spec version of last generation XK convertible
Concept Eight (2004) – Super-luxury version of the long-wheelbase model of the XJ
C-XF (2007) – Precursor to the production model XF saloon
C-X75 (2010) – Hybrid-electric sports car, originally intended for production but cancelled in 2012
C-X16 (2011) – Precursor to the production model F-Type
C-X17 (2013) – First ever Jaguar SUV concept
Project 7 – a 542 bhp V8-powered speedster based on the F-Type and inspired by the D-Type (2013)[66
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